Pine Rockland Bibliography

Peer-reviewed publications and gray literature

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Anderson, C., & Henry, E. Synthesis of Research, Monitoring, Management of the Bartram’s Hairstreak in the National Key Deer Refuge. (2014) [PDF]

Austin, J., J. Gore, J. Hargrove, E. Braun de Torrez, C. Carneiro, F. Ridgley, and S. Wisely. (2021). Strong Population Genetic Structure and Cryptic Diversity in the Florida Bonneted Bat (Eumops floridanus). 10.21203/  [Research Gate]

Barrios, B. and S. Koptur. 2011.  Floral biology and breeding system of Angadenia berteroi (Apocynaceae):  why do flowers of the pineland golden trumpet produce few fruits?  International Journal of Plant Sciences 172(3): 378-385. [PDF]

Barrios, B, S Koptur, and JP Sah. 2016. The effects of habitat fragmentation on the reproduction and abundance of Angadenia berteroi. Journal of Plant Ecology 10 (2): 340-348. [PDF]

Barrios, B., G. Arellano, and S. Koptur. 2011. The effects of fire and fragmentation on occurrence and flowering of a rare perennial plant.  Plant Ecology 212: 1057-1067. [PDF]

Cardel, Y. and S. Koptur. 2010. Effects of florivory on the pollination of flowers: an experimental field study with a perennial plant.  International Journal of Plant Science 171(3):283–292. [PDF]

Dewsbury, B.M., S. Koptur, and J.W. Fourqurean. 2015. Ecosystem responses to prescribed fire along a chronosequence in a subtropical pine rockland habitat. Caribbean Naturalist 24: 1-12. [PDF]

Figueroa, A., J. Lange, and S. Whitfield. (2021). Seed Consumption by Gopher Tortoises (Gopherus polyphemus) in the Globally Imperiled Pine Rockland Ecosystem of Southern Florida, USA. Chelonian Conservation and Biology. 20. 10.2744/CCB-1426.1. [Research Gate]

Gann, G.W., J. Possley and S.W. Woodmansee.  2020. Guidelines for planting a pine rockland in Miami-Dade County, Florida. Version 2.0.  

Gann G.D., McDonald T., Walder B., Aronson J., Nelson C.R., Jonson J., Hallett J.G., Eisenberg C., Guariguata M.R., Liu J., Hua F., Echeverria C., Gonzales E., Shaw N., Decleer K., Dixon K.W. 2019. International principles and standards for the practice of ecological restoration. Second edition: November 2019. Society for Ecological Restoration, Washington, D.C. U.S.A. 

Geiger, J.H., P.D. Pratt, and S. Koptur. 2010.  Breeding system of Ruellia succulenta Small (Acanthaceae).  Castanea 75(4): 454-460. [PDF]

Green, P. W. C., Hamilton, M. A., Sanchez, M. D., Corcoran, M. R., Manco, B. N., & Malumphy, C. P. (2015). The scope for using the volatile profiles of Pinus caribaea var. bahamensis as indicators of susceptibility to pine tortoise scale and as predictors of environmental stresses. Chemistry & Biodiversity, 12(4), 652–661.

Green, P. W. C., Hamilton, M. A., Sanchez, M. D., & Fang, R. 2017. Phenotypic plasticity in the emission of terpenes by a threatened pine species (Pinus caribaea var. bahamensis): effects of scale infestation and environment. Forestry: An International Journal of Forest Research, 90(4), 553–560.

Hamilton, M. A., Pavlik, B. M., Barlow, S. E., Manco, B. N., Blaise, J., Avenant, A., Hornsby, B., Hiers, K., O’Brien, J., Sanchez, M. D. 2016. Caicos Pine Recovery Project National Tree Restoration Strategy: 2016-2036 restoration strategy to secure the Caicos pine for future generations. (M.A. Hamilton, B. N. Manco, & M. D. Sanchez, Eds.). Richmond, Surrey, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 

Heffernan, E., Markee, A., Truglio, M. R., Barkdull, M., Steele Cabrera, S., & Daniels, J. (2023). Population Genetic Structure of a Rare Butterfly in a Fragmented South Florida Ecosystem. Insects, 14(4), 321.

Henry, E. H., Burford Reiskind, M. O., Land, A. D., & Haddad, N. M. (2020). Maintaining historic disturbance regimes increases species' resilience to catastrophic hurricanes. Global change biology, 26(2), 798-806. [PDF]

Jones, I., S. Koptur, and J.E. Peña. 2017. Exploring whether and how ants affect reproductive fitness in Senna mexicana var. chapmanii. Florida Entomologist 100(3): 539-545. [PDF]

Jones, I.M. and S. Koptur. 2018. Dead land walking: the value of continued conservation efforts in South Florida’s imperiled pine rocklands. Biodiversity and Conservation ISSN 0960-3115 Biodivers Conserv DOI 10.1007/s10531-017-1433-6. [PDF]

Jones, I.M. and S. Koptur. 2015. Dynamic extrafloral nectar production: the timing of leaf damage affects the defensive response in Senna mexicana var. chapmanii Fabaceae). American Journal of Botany 102(1): 58-66. [PDF]

Jones, I.M. and S. Koptur. 2015. Quantity over quality: light intensity, but not red/far-red ratio, affects extrafloral nectar production in Senna mexicana var. chapmanii. Ecology and Evolution (open access) doi: 10.1002/ece3.1644 [PDF]

Jones, I.M., S. Koptur, H.R. Gallegos, J.P. Tardanico, P.A. Trainer, and J. Peña. 2017. Changing light conditions in pine rockland habitats affect the intensity and outcome of ant/plant interactions. Biotropica 49:83-91. [PDF]

Karlen-Ayala, E., M.E. Smith, B.C. Askey and R. Gazis. 2022. Native ectomycorrhizal fungi from the endangered pine rocklands are superior symbionts to commercial inoculum for slash pine seedlings. Mycorrhiza 32:465-480.   

Khorsand Rosa, R., and S. Koptur. 2009.  Preliminary observations and analyses of pollination in Coccothrinax argentata:  do insects play a role?  Palms 53 (2): 75-83. [PDF]

Koptur, S. 1992. Plants with Extrafloral Nectaries and Ants in Everglades Habitats. The Florida Entomologist 75(1): 38-50. [PDF]

Koptur, S., M.C. Rodriguez, S.F. Oberbauer, C. Weekley, and A. Herndon.  2002. Herbivore-Free Time?  Damage to New Leaves of Woody Plants After Hurricane Andrew.  Biotropica 34(4): 547-554. [PDF]

Koptur, S., P. William, and Z. Olive. 2010.  Ants and plants with extrafloral nectaries in fire successional habitats on Andros (Bahamas).  Florida Entomologist 93(1): 89-99. [PDF]

Koptur, S., I.M. Jones, and J.E. Peña. 2015. The influence of host plant extrafloral nectaries on multitrophic interactions: an experimental investigation.  PLoS ONE 10(9): e0138157. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0138157 [PDF]

Koptur, S. and D. Garcia. 2017. Habitat Differences in Morphology and Reproductive Allocation in Guettarda scabra (Rubiaceae). Castanea 82(2): 51–57. [PDF]

Koptur, S. 2017. Plant-Animal Interactions in the Face of Disturbance (Keynote Address). Pp. 15-25, 1st Joint Symposium on the Natural History and Geology of the Bahamas, edited by Lee Florea, Carol Landry, Daniel Kjar. Gerace Research Center, San Salvador, Bahamas. [PDF]

Koptur, S. and R. Khorsand. 2018. Pollination Ecology of Three Sympatric Palms of Southern Florida Pine Rocklands. Natural Areas Journal 38: 15-25. [PDF]

Koptur, S., T. Livshultz, G. Ionta, and C-W Tan. 2019. Contrasting Pollination Systems of Wild Unction and Devil's Potato Root (Apocynaceae) on San Salvador: Preliminary Observations and Analyses. Castanea 84(1): 81-92. URL:  [PDF]          

Koptur, S., B. Barrios, I. Valdes, and M. Nusrat. 2020. A fishing expedition to discover the pollinators of several tropical Apocynaceae. Applications in Plant Science 8(2): e11326. [PDF]

Koptur, S., and B. Barrios. 2020. Are flowering palms “Pollinator Hogs”? A field experiment in pine rocklands of southern Florida.  Natural Areas Journal 40(2): 142-149. [PDF]

Koptur, S. 2020. Scientific Note: Insects associated with Guettarda scabra in Everglades National Park, Florida.  Castanea 85(1): 155-158. [PDF]

Linares, L.J. and S. Koptur. 2010. Floral biology and breeding system of the crenulate lead plant, Amorpha herbacea var. crenulata, an endangered south Florida pine rockland endemic.  Natural Areas Journal 30:138-147. [PDF]

Liu, H. and S. Koptur. 2003.  Breeding System and Pollination of a Narrowly Endemic Herb of the Lower Florida Keys: Impacts of the Urban Wildland Interface.  American Journal of Botany  90: 1180-1187. [PDF]

Liu, H., E.S. Menges, J.R. Snyder, S. Koptur, M.S. Ross.  2005.  Effects of fire intensity on vital rates of an endemic herb of the Florida Keys, USA.  Natural Areas Journal 25 (1): 71-76. [PDF]

Malumphy, C., Hamilton, M.A., Manco, B.N., Green, P.W.C., Sanchez, M.D., Corcoran, M., & Salamanca, E. (2012). Toumeyella parvicornis (Hemiptera: Coccidae), causing severe decline of Pinus caribaea var. bahamensis in the Turks and Caicos Islands. Florida Entomologist, 95(1), 113–119.

Manco, B.N., Sanchez, M.D., Blaise, J., & Hamilton, M.A. 2016. Caicos Pine Recovery Project Socio-cultural History Report: Results and findings of pine yard interviews with Caicos Islanders. London , UK.

Maschinski, J., J. Possley, M.Q.N. Fellows, C. Lane, A. Muir, K. Wendelberger, S. Wright, H. Thornton. 2005. Using Thinning as a Fire Surrogate to Improve Native Plant Diversity in a South Florida Pine Rockland Habitat. Ecological Restoration 23:2.  

Maschinski, J., M. Ross, H. Liu, J. O'Brien, E.J. von Wettberg, K.E. Haskins. 2011. Sinking Ships: Conservation Alternatives for Endemic Taxa Threatened by Sea Level Rise. Climatic Change 107:147-167. 

McElderry, R.M. (2015). Leafwing population dynamics (genus Anaea, Lepidoptera; Nymphalidae) and viability of the endangered Florida leafwing. University of Miami. [UM page]

Mitchell, R.J., J.K. Kiers, J. O’Brien, and G. Starr. 2009.  Ecological forestry in the southeast: Understanding the ecology of fuels. Journal of Forestry 107:391-397.  [Research Gate

Moore, T., F. Ridgley, S. Whitfield and S. Sayre. 2021. Life history, taxonomy and ecology of the Faithful Beauty Moth Composia fidelissima vagrans (Lepidoptera, Erebidae, Pericopina) in the Pine Rocklands of South Florida. Tropical Lepidoptera Research 31(3):151-157. 

O’Brien, J.J. 1998.  The distribution and habitat preferences of rare Galactia species (Fabaceae) and Chamaesyce deltoidea subspecies (Euphorbiaceae) native to southern Florida pine rockland.  Natural Areas Journal 18 (3): 208-222.

Possley, J., J. Maschinski, J. Maquire, C. Guerra. 2014. Vegetation monitoring to guide management decisions in Miami’s urban pine rockland preserves. Natural Areas Journal 34:154-165. 

Possley, J., S. Woodmansee, J. Maschinski. 2008. Patterns of plant diversity in fragments of globally imperiled pine rockland forest: effects of recent fire frequency and fragment size. Natural Areas Journal 28:379-394.[379:POPCIF]2.0.CO;2  

Possley, J.E., S. Hodges, E. Magnaghi, J. Maschinski. 2016. Distribution of Croton linearis in Miami-Dade County preserves with potential for supporting the federally endangered butterflies Strymon acis bartrami and Anaea troglodyta floridalis. Natural Areas Journal 36:81-87. 

Possley, J., J. Duncan, J. Klein and J. Maguire. 2018. Miami-Dade County’s management plan for the Richmond pine rocklands, 2nd Edition. Prepared by Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden for Miami-Dade County, Department of Parks, Recreation and Open Spaces and Zoo Miami. 136 Pages. 

Richards, J.H. and S. Koptur. 1993. Floral variation and distyly in Guettarda scabra (Rubiaceae). American Journal of Botany 80(1): 31-40. [PDF]

Ridgley, F., K. Bohn, I. Salazar, S. Thompson,  and M. Gamba-Rios. 2022. Use and Distribution of Roosts by Florida Bonneted Bats in Miami Dade County, Florida, USA: Addition to Webb et al. 2021. Urban Naturalist 49. 1-10.  [Research Gate]

Roncal, J., J. Maschinski, B. Schaffer, S.M. Gutierrez, D. Walters. 2012. Testing Appropriate Habitat Outside of Historic Range: The Case of Amorpha herbacea var. crenulata (Fabaceae). Journal for Nature Conservation 20:109-116. [Research Gate]

Sah, J.P., M. S. Ross, S. Koptur and J. R. Snyder.  2004.   Estimating aboveground biomass of broadleaved woody plants in the understory of Florida Keys pine forests.  Forest Ecology and Management 203: 319-329. [PDF]

Sah, J.P., M.S. Ross, J.R. Snyder, S. Koptur, and H.C. Cooley. 2006.  Fuel loads, fire regimes, and post-fire fuel dynamics in Florida Keys pine forests.  International Journal of Wildland Fire 15: 1-16. [PDF]

Saha, S., K. Bradley, M.S. Ross, P. Hughes, T. Wilmers, P. Ruiz, and C. Bergh. 2011. Hurricane effects on subtropical pine rocklands of the Florida Keys. Climatic Change: May, 2011. [PDF]

Salazar, A.J., J. Maschinski, J. Possley, K.D. Heineman. 2017. Seed germination of 53 species from the globally imperiled pine rockland ecosystem of South Florida, US: effects of storage, phylogeny and life-history traits. Seed Science Research 28(1):82-92.    

Salvato, M. H. (2003). Butterfly conservation and hostplant fluctuations: the relationship between Strymon acis bartrami and Anaea troglodyta floridalis on Croton linearis in Florida (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae and Nymphalidae). Holarctic Lepidoptera, 53-57. [PDF]

Salvato, M. H., & Salvato, H. L. (2010). Notes on the status and ecology of Strymon acis bartrami (Lycaenidae) in Everglades National Park. The Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society, 64(3), 154-160. [PDF]

Sanchez, M.D., Manco, B. N., Blaise, J., Corcoran, M., & Hamilton, M. A. 2019. Conserving and restoring the Caicos pine forests: The first decade. Plant Diversity, 41(2), 75–83.

Sanchez, M. D., Green, P. W. C., Martinez-Suz, L., Dentinger, B., Ainsworth, M., Davies, R., … Barlow, S. E. (2016). Caicos Pine Recovery Project Scientific Data and Results: Sampling and analyses undertaken. (M.D. Sanchez & M. A. Hamilton, Eds.). Richmond, Surrey, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 10.13140/RG.2.1.1557.2881

Sanchez, M. D., Pavlik, B. M., Barlow, S. E., Corcoran, M. R., Martinez-Suz, L., Dentinger, B. T. M., … Hamilton, M. A. 2016. Caicos Pine Recovery Project Protocols: Standards and methodologies to conserve the TCI National Tree. (M. A. Hamilton & M. D. Sanchez, Eds.). Richmond, Surrey, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Sanchez, M., Ingrouille, M. J., Cowan, R. S., Hamilton, M. A., & Fay, M. F. 2014. Spatial structure and genetic diversity of natural populations of the Caribbean pine, Pinus caribaea var. bahamensis (Pinaceae), in the Bahaman archipelago. Botanical Journal of the Linnaean Society, 174(3):359–383.

Sanchez, M. D. 2012. Conservation genetics and biogeography of the Caribbean pine (Pinus caribaea var. bahamensis) in the Bahaman archipelago. PhD Thesis. Birkbeck, University of London, U.K. Retrieved from

Schneider, O., R. M. Crandall, B. Baiser. 2024. The large-scale restoration of fire and water regimes in Everglades National Park reveal little change in plant diversity along an elevational gradient.  Restoration Ecology 

Smith, E.M. 2002.  The effects of season, host plant protection, and ant predators on the survival of Eumaeus atala (Lycaenidae) in re-establishments.  J. Lepidopterist’s Society 56(4): 272-276.

Spiers, L.P. and J.R. Snyder. 1998.  Effects of wet- and dry-season fires on Jacquemontia curtisii, a south Florida pine forest endemic.  Natural Areas Journal 18 (4): 350-357. [PDF]

Trotta L.B., B. Baiser, J. Possley, D. Li, J. Lange, S. Martin and E.B. Sessa. 2018 Community phylogeny of the globally critically imperiled pine rockland ecosystem. American Journal of Botany 105(10):1735-1747. 

Wendelberger, K.S., J. Maschinski. 2009. Linking GIS, observational and experimental studies to determine optimal seedling microsites of an endangered plant in a subtropical urban fire-adapted ecosystem. Restoration Ecology 17:845-853. [PDF]

Wendelberger, K.S., J. Maschinski. 2016. Assessing microsite and regeneration niche preferences through experimental reintroduction of the rare plant Tephrosia angustissima var. corallicola. Journal of Ecology 217:155-167. 

Wendelberger, K.S., M. Q.N. Fellows, J. Maschinski. 2008. Rescue and restoration: Experimental translocation of Amorpha herbacea Walter. var. crenulata (Rybd.) Isley into a novel urban habitat. Restoration Ecology 16:543-552. 

Whitfield, S., F. Ridgley, D. Valle, and N. Atteberry. 2018. Seroprevalence of Mycoplasma agassizii and Mycoplasma testudineum in Wild and Waif Gopher Tortoises (Gopherus polyphemus) in Miami-Dade County, Florida, USA. Herpetological Review 49(1):47-49.  [Research Gate]

Whitfield, S., D. Valle, A. Figueroa, B. Chin, H. Bravo-Gallegos and F. Leone. (2022). Burrow Characteristics and Habitat Associations of Gopher Tortoises in Urban Pine Rockland Reserves (Miami, Florida, USA). Ichthyology & Herpetology. 110. 10.1643/h2020168.  [Research Gate]

Worth, R. A., Schwarz, K. A., & Emmel, T. C. (1996). Notes on the Biology of Strymon acis bartrami and Anaea troglodyta floridalis in South Florida (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae, Nymphalidae). Holarctic Lepidoptera, 62-65. [PDF]